Traumatic optic neuropathy is defined as impairment of the optic nerve. It is important to note that the optic nerve is responsible for the transmission of visual messages that were seen to the brain. In case the injury is serious enough, it can progress to lasting visual changes.
The injury can be brought about by direct impairment to the optic nerve or injuries close to the nerve can result to damage from bleeding, swelling or infections. The damage can occur with any form of injury to the head or the eye socket such as:
- Vehicular accidents
- Sports injuries
- Surgery complications in the eye socket, sinuses or brain
- Being kicked, punched, shot or stabbed in the eye
What are the signs?
The usual indications of traumatic optic neuropathy include the following:
- Loss of vision in one eye that might worsen after several days
- Swelling and eye pain
- Difficulty seeing colors or dimness of vision
Management of traumatic optic neuropathy
The treatment for traumatic optic neuropathy is based on the form of injury. In case there is pressure on the nerve in the eye socket due to bone, blood or air, surgery is necessary to lessen the pressure. Eyedrops or other medications are also needed.
In case the individual sustained an injury that leads to alterations in vision, it is vital to get in touch with a doctor as soon as possible.