Acute respiratory infection can disrupt with normal breathing. It usually affects the upper respiratory system. It can also involve the lower respiratory tract in some instances.
The infection is considered risky for children, elderly and individuals with compromised immune system ailments.
What are the signs?
The signs that might arise tend to vary if it is a lower or upper respiratory infection. The symptoms that might arise include:
- Runny nose
- Congestion either in the lungs or nasal sinuses
- Sore throat
- Body aches
What are the causes?
There are various causes for an acute respiratory infection. The usual causes of an upper respiratory infection include:
- Common cold
- Acute ear infection
- Acute pharyngitis
The possible causes of lower respiratory infection include:
Who are at risk?
Remember that it is impossible to avoid bacteria and viruses, but there are some risk factors that increases the possibility of ending up with an acute respiratory infection. The immune system of young children and the elderly are susceptible to viruses.
Individuals who have lung or heart conditions are likely to acquire an acute respiratory infection. Those who have weakened immune systems are also at risk. In addition, individuals who smoke are likely to acquire an infection and has a hard time recovering.
Management of acute respiratory infection
For viral causes, there are no available treatment options. The doctor usually prescribes medications to manage the symptoms while the condition is being monitored. In case the doctor suspects a bacterial infection, antibiotics are prescribed.