Why do I have dark dry patches on the skin?

26 September 2014
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26 September 2014, Comments: 0

Always bear in mind that dry patches of skin can be caused by various factors such as autoimmune system disorders as well as extreme cold or hot weather. In most cases, dry skin responds to changes in lifestyle and providing plenty of moisture but among those who have brown skin, it can leave areas of hyperpigmentation. The dark dry patches of skin that does not seem to improve with the application of additional moisture would surely require a consultation from a doctor.

Dermatitis

Dermatitis is characterized by skin rashes triggered by irritation. It is important to note that contact dermatitis can be initiated by laundry detergent, soap or fabric softener with the clothes that rub against the body, thus irritating the skin. Atopic dermatitis is quite common among those who live in areas that have parched climates while seborrheic dermatitis can oftentimes occur on areas of the body laden with oil-producing sebaceous glands. Excess amount of vitamin A or lack of B vitamins can initiate the manifestation of the symptoms of dermatitis such as discoloration and itchiness.

Dry patches

Eczema involves redness and itchiness of the skin which is believed to be an immune system condition. It leaves the skin dry, flaky, rough and often itchy.

Psoriasis

When it comes to this condition, it causes quick buildup of dry, dead cells that develop the distinctive scaly appearance. In case the dark skin patches are flaky, rough and easily shed, psoriasis is responsible. Take note that the condition is chronic and can be accompanied by arthritis.

Individuals who are suffering from the condition can experience thickening of the fingernails and stiffness of the joints. An outbreak can occur for weeks or months and then stop for a while before recurring again. Stress and some prescription medications can make the symptoms of the condition worse.

Eczema

Eczema involves redness and itchiness of the skin which is believed to be an immune system condition. It leaves the skin dry, flaky, rough and often itchy. The red-colored blotches caused by eczema can turn dark brown in color.

If the cause of eczema is not properly treated, the skin can crack and break, leaving it at risk to bacterial infection. In most cases, eczema can be accompanied by asthma or allergies and typically manifests during childhood. The legs and arms are the commonly affected but outbreaks can also occur in the chest. By enrolling in a first aid course today, you will learn how to manage this condition.

Prevention and solution for dark dry patches of skin

The treatment for dry skin is done by applying moisturizer or an over-the-counter cortisone cream. The individual should also take a lukewarm shower and only use a moisturizing shower gel that contains shea butter or cocoa to help relieve the itchiness and dryness. A lotion must be applied after showering especially a dye-free and unscented formula specifically made for sensitive skin. Additionally, anti-fungal treatment might be required in some cases.

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