There are several over-the-counter medications as well as nasal sprays that can offer relief to common cold or allergies including nasal saline. Not all common cold or allergy attacks require a trip to the doctor. Numerous conditions such as common cold, rhinitis, allergies and sinusitis can cause discomfort in the nose and sinus passages which makes it harder to breathe.
Various over-the-counter medications and sprays such as nasal saline can provide relief. An allergic reaction to nasal saline is not common but once it occurs, it is vital to be familiar with the trigger points and treatment options.
Close look on nasal saline solutions
The nasal saline sprays or solutions work by flushing the nasal passages from irritants and allergens to promote the thinning of the mucus. This allows the individual to breathe freely for a period of time. In addition, the saline can also soothe the irritated membrane for relief from the itchiness or infection.
The main ingredients present in nasal saline solutions which include salt and purified water should not trigger an allergic reaction but some over-the-counter nasal saline solutions contain added ingredients as well as preservatives that trigger an allergic reaction.
Ingredients in nasal saline solutions
Depending on the nasal saline solution purchased by the individual, it might contain components or ingredients that the body finds irritating. The ingredients present in nasal saline solutions include the following:
- Sodium chloride
- Benzalkonium chloride
- Benzyl alcohol
- Potassium phosphate monobasic
Take note that these additives might be widely utilized preservatives but the body can react negatively if an acute reaction occurs.
Potential reactions and remedies
In most cases, saline is designed to provide momentary relief from nasal congestion or other allergy symptoms. If the individual becomes more congested or the itchiness and sneezing worsens after using the nasal saline, he/she might be reacting negatively to an additive present in the solution. Some experience a burning sensation in the throat or nasal passages that indicates an allergy to one of the components in the solution.
If the individual ends up with a severe reaction with symptoms such as difficulty breathing or extensive swelling, call for emergency assistance right away. In addition, if the label includes thimerosal, it is best to look for an alternative.
The safe approach is to prepare your own saline solution without any preservatives or additives at home. You can utilize a homemade solution 2-3 times in a day to provide relief.
Aside from the saline, the individual should drink more fluids and use an oral decongestant. If the individual is still congested, the individual can stay in a bathroom and turn the shower at the hottest setting so that the room is filled with steam. The steam loosens up the mucus in the nasal passages. Additionally, those who have a full-blown cold can also benefit from this measure since it loosens up the mucus in the chest.