A finger dislocation is a prevalent form of injury. This occurs if the finger bones are moved out of their normal anatomical position. A dislocation can occur in any of the finger joints, but most often in the middle knuckle of the little finger, middle, ring or index finger. These dislocations are likely to be accompanied by damage in the bone but can frequently occur without any breaks.
What are the usual causes?
Accidents that involves a jamming force to the end of the finger or forceful extension are the usual causes. Either these situations or a combination of both can lead to a finger dislocation.
- During sports, such as baseball or basketball, the tip of the outstretched finger might be damaged.
- The finger might be ensnared in equipment such as in padding or jersey.
- The individual might fall on an extended hand.
A finger dislocation is quite evident. The affected finger appears swollen, disfigured and painful. It might be flexed upwards or in an irregular angle. The individual could not flex or straighten the finger if it is dislocated.
- In severe cases, there is tingling or numbness.
- The damaged finger appears pale in appearance.
- A finger dislocation might result to a break in the skin in which the injury occurred. Once this occurs, seek immediate medical attention right away.
- There might be damage to the bone that necessitate immediate medical care.
When to seek medical care
If an individual has a finger dislocation, a doctor should be seen right away. Delaying assessment might make the final treatment more harder and even result to hindered healing or lasting disability.
Bring the individual to the emergency department right away if there is any loss of sensation, open wounds or if the finger is pale, cold or bluish.
Quick Note / Disclaimer
The material posted on this page on a finger dislocation is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage joint injuries including a finger dislocation, register for a first aid and CPR course with Toronto First Aid.