A scorpion sting can trigger intense and immediate pain. The redness and swelling typically arises within 5 minutes. After an hour, severe symptoms might develop.
Remember that a sting can possibly result to death, but not likely. Only 30 species are known to produce venom that is toxic enough to be deadly.
Management of a scorpion sting
Most cases of stings do not require treatment, but it is best to see a doctor as a precaution.
In case the symptoms are severe, medical care is necessary. Sedatives might be part of treatment if muscle spasms are present. Intravenous drugs are also given for pain, high blood pressure and agitation.
The scorpion antivenom is oftentimes given with caution due to issues with its side effects and cost. The antivenom is considered effective if administered before any symptoms arise. The doctor might also suggest antivenom if the symptoms are severe.
What are the signs?
Generally, a scorpion sting only results to localized symptoms such as pain and warmth at the site of the sting. The symptoms might be intense even if swelling or redness is not evident.
The signs at the site of the sting might include:
- Significant pain
- Swelling around the sting site
- Numbness and tingling around the site
Once the venom spreads, it can trigger systemic effects such as:
- Muscle twitching or thrashing
- Difficulty breathing
- Unusual motions of the head, neck and eyes
- Drooling or dribbling
- Rapid heart rate or erratic heartbeat
- High blood pressure
- Excitability, restlessness or inconsolable crying
What is the outlook?
In most cases, a scorpion sting can be extremely painful but usually non-venomous and harmless. If an individual was stung by a venomous scorpion and in an area with access to good medical care, recovery is typically fast without any complications.
Children and the elderly face a higher risk for adverse reactions to a scorpion sting. Those who are in areas with limited access to medical care are also at risk.
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on scorpion sting is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the signs and how it is treated by taking a standard first aid course with Toronto First Aid.