Even adults require vaccination. Just like children, adults also require protection against certain diseases. There are various reasons why vaccination is required against a disease as an adult such as the following:
- Childhood vaccinations have worn off
- Was not vaccinated as a child
- Alterations to the vaccines on a regular basis
- Vaccine is not required until later in life
It is important to note that all adults must consult a doctor regarding vaccination. At a minimum, almost everybody requires a flu vaccine every year.
Why vaccination is vital
Vaccination is vital in the prevention of various diseases. Some of the vaccinations are needed but if in doubt, it is best to consult a doctor.
Influenza or flu
Various strains of the flu affect many individuals yearly. This is one reason why it is essential to get a flu vaccine yearly. Every year, the vaccine is specifically designed to provide protection against certain types of the influenza virus expected to be prevalent.
Receiving this vaccination will keep an individual healthy during the winter season where flu is widespread.
Tdap is the vaccination that is used to protect against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. Most are vaccinated against these diseases during childhood, but it eventually wears off. Teenagers are usually given one dose between 11-18 years old. The second dose is given between 19-64 years old. After this, a booster shot is given every 10 years. Remember that a booster is also needed if there is a risk of being exposed to tetanus.
Varicella or chickenpox
If an individual has not acquired chickenpox as a child, a vaccination for varicella is recommended. Among adults, chickenpox can be serious.
The vaccination is given in 2 doses. A doctor should be consulted first whether it is a suitable choice.
MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)
Among those born in 1957 or later, it is vital to be given at least one dose of this vaccination. Nevertheless, many are given the MMR vaccine as children. A doctor must be consulted first to determine if there is a need to receive an adult MMR.
Adults over 65 years old should be given one dose of the pneumococcal vaccination. This vaccine protects against infections due to Streptococcus pneumoniae. The vaccine is also ideal for certain groups of adults such as those who have asthma, long-term health issues, history of smoking or have compromised or weakened immune systems.
The high-risk groups must be given one or two doses of the vaccine and can be given any time after the age of 2.
Vaccines are accessible to protect against hepatitis A and B. These are generally given to adults who face a high risk for acquiring the infection. The hepatitis B vaccine is given in 3 doses over 6 months. As for hepatitis A vaccine, it is given in 2 doses over 6-18 months.