Aspergillosis is a condition that affects the lungs and triggers difficulty breathing caused by the aspergillus mold. It is important to note that there are various forms of aspergillosis.
How do I acquire aspergillosis?
Aspergillosis is typically caused by inhalation of small amounts of mold. The mold is generally found in the following:
- Plants, trees and crops
- Compost, soil and rotting leaves
- Damp buildings
- Air conditioning systems
It can also be acquired from another individual or from animals.
What are the signs?
The indications of aspergillosis generally include:
- Coughing that might include blood or mucus
- Shortness of breath
- Fever of 38 degrees C or higher
- Weight loss
If the individual has an existing lung condition, the current symptoms might worsen.
When to consult a doctor
A doctor must be seen for the following:
- Cough that lasts more than 3 weeks
- Weakened immune system and signs of aspergillosis
- Lung condition that is getting worse or difficult to control with the usual treatment
Consult a doctor right away if the individual coughs up blood.
The treatment is typically aimed on controlling the symptoms. If not correctly treated or properly controlled, there is a risk for lung damage.
Take note that the treatment is based on the type of aspergillosis.
- Allergic bronchopulmonary – this is an allergy to the mold and treated with steroid and antifungal tablets that are taken for a few months
- Chronic pulmonary – this is a long-standing lung infection that requires long-term care with antifungal drugs
- Aspergilloma – this is a ball of mold that forms in the lungs and necessitates surgical removal if it triggers symptoms
- Invasive pulmonary – this is a dangerous type of infection among individuals with a weak immune system. It is treated with antifungal drugs administered intravenously in a healthcare facility