Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a skin condition that causes inflammation and intense irritation. In most circumstances, the symptoms of this condition can be triggered by dry skin. The affected area turns hot, inflamed and itchy and can become red in color and appear irritated.
Among young children, patches of scaly, dry skin or weepy, wet skin can appear on any part of the body. In older children, dermatitis typically manifests on the ankles, wrists, elbows, face and knees including the eyelids.
It is important to note that the skin affected by the condition becomes sore and ends up broken once scratched and can appear wet and can even bleed. The individual might find it hard to resist the urge to scratch since the main symptom of dermatitis is unbearable itchiness. Once the skin is broken and cracked, there is a high risk for the development of infection that can lead to discomfort to the individual.
Close look on atopic dermatitis
This condition can affect any age range and believed to be triggered by a defect in the skin barrier that makes it prone to inflammation and allows the allergens to make contact with the immune system.
Dermatitis can affect the quality of life of a child significantly and even the sleeping patterns. As a result, a child can become irritable and frustrated. Luckily, with proper management, it can effectively alleviate these problems.
Diagnosing atopic dermatitis
Essentially, the doctor can diagnose the condition and distinguish if the child has dermatitis. In some individuals, the triggers for eczema include allergies to pets, house dust mites or certain foods.
The seasons of the year or even emotional responses might cause dermatitis to worsen. Nevertheless, many individuals with dermatitis are not able to determine a link to their symptoms. It is vital that any known triggers are avoided and oftentimes, keeping a symptom diary can help determine what causes the flare-ups. This is useful in pinpointing the exact trigger that can worsen the skin condition.
In case further assessment is required or the condition of the skin is not improving with treatment, the doctor will refer the individual to a dermatologist to pinpoint the exact cause of the condition. Allergy testing might be carried out such as skin prick test or blood test in order to help identify the allergens involved during flare-ups.
Food allergy and dermatitis
It is important to note that food allergy will not cause dermatitis. Remember that children are born with the tendency to develop the condition and there are various factors that can worsen the condition. These are called as triggers of dermatitis. Take note that foods can be considered as triggers for dermatitis particularly among infants but food is not the main cause of the skin condition.