Eyelid inflammation or blepharitis occurs if the oil glands in the eyelids are irritated or clogged. The eyelids are skin folds that cover the eyes and protect against injury and debris.
What are the possible causes?
The precise cause of eyelid inflammation could not always be determined, but various factors increases the risk.
There is a higher risk if the individual has dandruff on the eyebrows or scalp. It is also likely to end up with an allergic reaction to cosmetic products that are applied around the eyes, thus resulting to eyelid inflammation.
The other causes or risk factors for eyelid inflammation include:
- Bacterial infection
- Eyelash lice or mites
- Malfunctioning oil gland
- Side effects of medications
What are the signs?
Eyelid inflammation is generally evident since it irritates the eyes and can even affect vision. The usual signs include:
- Swollen and itchy eyelids
- Inflamed or reddened eyelids
- Burning sensation in the eyes
- Watery eyes
- Oily eyelids
- Reddened eyes
- Sensation that there is something in or on the eyes
- Light sensitivity
- Crusting on the eyelashes or corners of the eyes
Management of eyelid inflammation
The eyes should be washed and apply a warm compress. Depending on the seriousness of the inflammation and if caused by an infection, the doctor might suggest other treatment options.
If an infection is absent, the doctor might prescribe steroids, ointment or eye drops to lessen the inflammation. Lubricating eye drops are also given to stop the irritation caused by dry eyes.
A course of antibiotics can effectively manage eyelid infections. Antibiotics in ointment, pill or liquid might be prescribed by the doctor. Generally, drops are prescribed if an infection spreads to other parts of the face.