Spongiotic dermatitis is defined by the buildup of fluid in the epidermis. This results to swelling amidst the skin cells. The condition often manifests as reddened, itchy regions that can form on any part of the body, either in a single site or widespread.
What are the causes?
Spongiotic dermatitis might be a feature of atopic dermatitis, eczema or other allergic skin reactions.
Some of the causes typically include:
- Allergic reactions to food or certain drugs
- Exposure to objects that trigger irritation such as metals in jewelry, chemicals or cosmetics
- Fungal infection
- Hormonal changes
- Stress that weakens the immune system and triggers breakouts
- Changes in the temperature or weather
What are the signs?
- Scaly patches or irritated skin
- Skin lesions
- Rashes in the shape of coins
- Reddened skin
- Persistent dandruff
- Drainage and infection after the affected area is scratched
It is important to note that spongiotic dermatitis can also develop among infants with diaper rash triggered by contact dermatitis.
Management of spongiotic dermatitis
The treatment for spongiotic dermatitis is based on the root cause and accompanying symptoms. The doctor might recommend a combination of drugs and home remedies to alleviate the symptoms and deal with the cause.
If eczema is present, the doctor might suggest:
- Apply a corticosteroid cream on the site
- Bleach baths
- Apply a thick cream on the skin daily
- Calcineurin inhibitor cream
- Relaxation techniques if stress is the cause
For seborrheic dermatitis that often affects the back, face and chest, the doctor might suggest:
- Wash the hair regularly
- Use shampoos that contain selenium, ketoconazole or zinc pyrithione
- Use steroids on the skin to control the flare-ups