An allergic reaction to palm trees is usually triggered by seasonal pollen produced by these tropical trees. It is important to note that palm trees typically bloom in between January and June, depending on the type of climate the individual resides in. Allergies to palm trees are considered common due to the prevalence of trees in various areas. Once this type of allergy is identified, there are several measures to be considered to prevent the manifestation of symptoms once the pollen count is elevated. As for severe cases, it requires proper diagnosis by a doctor so that appropriate treatment can be started.
Always bear in mind that allergies can come in different forms, thus not all individuals who have pollen allergy can end up allergic to tree pollen. An allergy to palm trees simply indicates that the body has diminished immunity to the pollen which might have a genetic link.
Once the body is exposed to tree pollen, histamine is released which triggers the distinctive allergy symptoms. Take note that there are certain types of palm trees that do not release pollen, thus it is vital to identify any differences before planting new trees.
What are the signs and symptoms?
Remember that pollen travels through the air during its peak season. It is sad to note that these particles can lodge into the ears, nose, eyes and throat, thus triggering the usual allergy symptoms. The common symptoms include the following:
- Stuffy nose
- Itchy eyes
- Sore throat
The severe symptoms might be linked to allergic asthma and can include generalized breathing difficulties and wheezing.
If an individual is at risk for severe allergic reactions to palm trees, preventive measures might not be enough. In most cases, antihistamines are given to help prevent the allergy symptoms before they start. Depending on the diagnosis by the doctor, these medications might be taken on a daily basis.
Decongestants are also beneficial in alleviating a stuffed nose while nasal sprays and eye drops can help reduce irritation. In some circumstances, allergy medications might not be enough, particularly if the symptoms experienced by the individual disrupt his/her daily living. In such cases, immunotherapy or allergy shots might be recommended. Those who received this form of treatment experienced a reduction on the dependency for medications within a year.
Allergy to palm trees can be avoided by preventing any exposure. Nevertheless, this task can be a challenge especially among those who live in communities where palm trees are present, even if they are not in the backyard. This is due to the fact that pollen is capable of travelling via the wind.
The best way to reduce exposure is to avoid engaging in any outdoor activity between 5AM – 10AM. During this period, the level of pollen in the environment is generally at its peak. Pollen can also be prevented from entering the house by using an air conditioning unit or by showering and changing clothes after spending time outdoors.